something of a cult figure in the U.S., Tintin is one of the most
popular European comic strip characters of all time. The creation of
Belgian artist Hergé, the adventures of intrepid boy reporter Tintin and
his trusty dog Snowy have been translated into more than 50
languages. Children in Belgium and various parts of Europe grow up with
Tintin as we do Mickey Mouse or Spider-Man. There are 24 volumes,
including the final unfinished work Tintin and the Alph-Art, published between 1929 and 1986. There is even an entire museum
devoted to Hergé and Tintin in Belgium. In America, Hergé’s work is
highly regarded by comic book fans and scholars. Besides inspiring
George Lucas and Spielberg to create the Indiana Jones series, Tintin
had a profound effect on everyone from comic book greats Carl Barks and
Alex Toth to pop artists like Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. With his
crisp, clean line work and fast-paced stories, Hergé also influenced
Japanese animation and the work of Pixar (The Incredibles director Brad Bird has cited Hergé as an inspiration).
books are not without controversy. Hergé was often accused of trading
in cultural stereotypes, particularly in his portrayal of Africans with Tintin in the Congo. But starting with The Blue Lotus,
Hergé made an effort to do extensive research on the lands he was
depicting for Tintin’s adventures, leading to comics which serve as a
historical blueprint for much of the twentieth century. There’s a reason
why Tintin books are used in schools.
has had an interest in bringing Tintin to the big screen for several
decades. A longtime fan of the comic, Spielberg was able to score the
big-screen rights and Hergé’s blessing following the success of Raiders. Following Hergé’s death in 1983, Spielberg commissioned E.T.
scribe Melissa Mathison to develop a film which saw Tintin facing off
against African ivory hunters. (Reports say that Spielberg wanted Jack
Nicholson to play Capt. Haddock at one point.) Nothing came of the film,
and various other creative teams flirted with the material. (Roman
Polanski was even attached at one point.) Eventually Spielberg returned
to Tintin and decided that computer-generated animation was the best
vehicle with which to tell the story. It took the better part of a
decade, but eventually Spielberg got his Tintin film (with a little help
from Peter Jackson and the folks at Weta Digital, of course).
Spielberg, many filmmakers and animators have brought Hergé’s vision to
the big and small screen. A series of live-action and animated films
(including a stop-motion animated version of The Crab with the Golden Claws) were produced in France and Belgium, many based on original
material. An animated TV series was produced in Belgium in the early
’60s, though it was met with criticism. Perhaps the best-known
adaptation of Tintin in America prior to the Spielberg film is the
1991-1992 animated series The Adventures of Tintin, which aired in
the U.S. on HBO and Nickelodeon. Sharply animated and featuring stories
and artwork lifted directly from Hergé’s pages, the series was recently
released on DVD and continues to have a cult following today.
also revealed that the bumbling detectives the Thompson Twins will play
a larger part in the sequel. (Fun fact: The ’80s band of the same name
took their moniker from Hergé’s amusing creations.) With his worldwide
popularity, it’s safe to say we’ll be seeing more of Tintin on the big
screen in the future.